History of AMBER Alert
The State's AMBER Alert is modeled after the nationwide AMBER Plan, which was developed in 1996
after nine-year old Amber Hagerman was abducted and brutally murdered near her home in Arlington,
Texas. Amber's death had such an impact on her community that it prompted law enforcement agencies
and the Texas Association of Radio Managers to develop an emergency alert plan to help recover
abducted children. Communities throughout the country have since adopted similar plans, with the
common goal of returning abducted children to safety by employing the media to enlist the public
in immediate search efforts. Texas organized a system that encouraged law enforcement agencies to
alert the media following a confirmed child abduction.
California introduced the AMBER Alert concept in 1999 as a regional program. In 2002, Assembly Bill
415 (Government Code section 8594) mandated that AMBER Alert plans be implemented statewide and
include specific notification protocols for all communities.
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