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Introduction:  Older drivers can remain safer for additional years if they practice the tips presented in this program. 
Outline of points to be covered.  Why we are here, some history, and providing plenty of information about driving skills and how to retain or improve them.  Also make the point that when driving becomes too difficult or too dangerous- the subject of “what’s next?” has to be considered; more on this later in the presentation.
Emphasize age-related changes and how to understand and cope with them.  Emphasize value of good health, because healthy seniors drive longer.  Emphasize flexibility because of its importance to seeing behind and to the side while driving.  Emphasize how medications may affect driving– and suggest that a doctor’s counsel helps resolve questions about the effect of medications, particularly when someone is taking several that might interact.  Emphasize mobility and what to be thinking about when driving ceases.
     The demographics- this is why senior driver/pedestrian safety is a growing issue- More seniors and more senior drivers.  (Explore the numbers to make the point.)
The particular collision problems- note the differences between younger and older.  Young drivers have a much greater number of head-on collisions.  Older drivers most often experience collisions at crossings - that means during left turns, or crossing a busy through street, or just trying to turn onto a through street.  Explore what this means in terms of extra awareness, extra caution, and perhaps avoidance of problem intersections.  (Be very careful about recommending three right turns instead of one left turn unless the driver is well-acquainted with the area.  Three right turns in an unfamiliar area can lead to unexpected dangers.)
Two other ways of looking at statistics – collisions per unit of distance and collisions per number of licensed drivers.  Note the big difference in the curves.  Why?  Because seniors drive fewer miles than younger people, so even though their per-mile collision rate is higher (particularly at age 80 and above), their per capita rate looks much like any other age group from 30 right up to 85.
Another calculation, this one by California  DMV.  The expected rate of collision involvement within every age group is 1.0.  So any group above 1.0 is over-represented, and below 1.0 under-represented.  Look at the very young.  Over-represented considerably.  Look at older drivers.  Even up to  age 79, they are under-represented.  Only at age 80 and above do senior drivers become over-represented in collision stats.
Mention that driving is for all ages.  Programs range from elementary school aged children to older adults.  Explain the Older Californian Traffic Safety Task Force was formed in 2003 with CHP at the lead to ensure older roadway user safety.
Here is the contrast to the previous slide.  This incident occurred a few years ago but remains vivid in memory because it was so tragic.  It demonstrates the necessity to identify problem drivers before incidents like this take place.  What it does not indicate is that every driver who attains a certain age automatically become a hazard.  Age by itself cannot define a dangerous driver.  Functional changes brought on by physical or mental problems foretell possible driving problems.  Functional changes can occur at any age.
Ask audience to read these carefully. (None of these statements is correct).  Ask them: Will you know when it’s time to stop driving?  Have you thought about public transportation as a mobility choice if you had to stop driving.  (Probably not, because often public transportation isn’t an easy choice).  But as the session proceeds, your audience should see that alternative transportation can prove to be a workable choice.
     Taking control of your driving future.  Start with vision because that is the most common problem faced by seniors – failing eyesight.  Most seniors have experienced the problems listed here – loss of peripheral vision, difficulty seeing at night, poor glare reaction.  Contrast sensitivity is a new term – it means the ability to pick things out of a hazy or gray background – like cars in fog or pedestrians in rain.  It’s important to be aware that aging means a reduced contrast ability, too.  Some of these vision problems can be solved with new glasses, some may require surgery.
Nutrition - Proper eating means better health, and eating certain foods can be particularly good for vision and the brain.
Seniors often don’t realize driving requires flexibility, strength and endurance.  Handling the wheel, applying brakes, maintaining steady accelerator pressure. – require these three attributes.  Flexibility allows people to make the head motions necessary to change lanes, to pass someone, or to start out from the curb.  If you are interested, there is a booklet put out by the American Society on Aging (ASA) titled, “Exercises for Older Adults” A Physical Guide for Keeping the Keys Longer.  It is also available online at www.asaging.org/cdc or you can contact :
Live Well, Live Long
833 Market Street, Suite 511
San Francisco, CA 94103
Just as important – to remain sharp mentally.  Why?  Because driving requires the ability to divide attention (watching a bicyclist alongside while checking a signal ahead), to react properly and in timely fashion (a ball bounces into the street in front of your car), to be always alert (car switches lanes abruptly just ahead).  List the possible activities that help seniors stay mentally sharp – mind games, word games, math games, stimulating environment.
Explain value of good rest.  Indicate the tests provided during the program are self-tests and are based on factual research.  Then, give the 10 question sleep test at this point.  (Hard copy supplied with information packet and the electronic copy is on the CD.)
Discuss the effects of aging on reaction time – it typically is reduced.  Discuss the two-second rule, and make the point that for seniors a three-second rule is even wiser.  Tell audience how to determine following distance in this manner.  Be prepared to answer the question of how to deal with cars pulling into the space ahead.  Give Reaction Time test at this point.  (Hard copy supplied with information packet and the electronic copy is on the CD)
Medications are a big issue because of drug side effects (drowsiness, dizziness etc.), particularly when two or more drugs may be in the system and the interaction is not understood.  Emphasize the high hazard of meds in combination with alcohol.  Make a low key pitch here for DUI, although alcohol does not tend to be a problem factor for most senior drivers.
     Some pointers here many people don’t think about.  Mirror adjustment, very helpful.  Know where you’re going and the route.  (This is a good place to suggest taking the CarFit program, but before you do that be sure CarFit is available in your Area)
Driving strategies – you discussed following distance earlier, now point out the distractive effects of stress, then emphasize other distractions like eating, drinking coffee, fixing hair, cell phones.  (This is an important point because stats show distraction/inattention are proportionately big problems for seniors).
Key slide because it hits the major driving issues for seniors.  Make sure to reiterate here that for most seniors left turns, entering or crossing through streets, and negotiating intersections are THE major problem situations because the ability to judge oncoming speeds and closing distances has diminished.  Extra care needed. Inclement weather and night driving also troublesome because of vision degradation.  Good to avoid or reduce driving in these situations.  Driving too slow can cause other traffic to make dangerous maneuvers, and driving too slow in the left lane of a multi-lane highway is dangerous and illegal.
Emphasize signs, signals, merging, and lane changes because these are more frequent problems for seniors than seat belts and alcohol.  (Seniors have the highest buckle-up rates and lowest DUI rates).
Re-emphasis of major problem situations is good strategy.  And – this is the first time blind spots, backing, and parking lots have been mentioned, so explain importance.  Here’s where flexibility of the neck is so important – turning to see vehicles in the blind spot.
This is a tough-sell slide because most seniors still driving aren’t looking to quit.  Explain self-evaluation (and mention such tools as Roadwise Review, Road to Driving Wellness) and the importance of following up if a problem becomes known.  Explain 3-tier (if time), even showing the video if it fits.  Define the option of changing driving habits and the possibility of obtaining an area license.  Speak to the wisdom of taking over driving capabilities with family members (children probably). 
Drift into this one as an expansion of slide 22 (last one).  This slide lists some possible ways of modifying driving to stay on the road and remain safe.  These are typical changes made by senior drivers everywhere.  These changes often occur after family conversations.
Here’s another tough sell, but important.  Commissioner Brown has said, “Driving is a privilege, but mobility is a right.”  When driving ceases, mobility relies on the options listed here.  The key words are: Plan for the day when you can’t drive anymore.
Listed organizations can assist.  For example, some occupational therapists are trained to assess driving capabilities.  Area Agencies on Aging and senior centers usually have extensive information on transportation options.  The 1-800 number is a statewide number that provides access to local county transportation and social services information. 
A little humor!